מחקרים קליניים בתרופות להורדת כולסטרול למניעה או לטיפול בקורונה.
Publication Date: מאי 5, 2021
Peer Reviewed: No
Publication Type: Review/Commentary/Letter
Lipid-Modulating Agents for Prevention or Treatment of COVID-19 in Randomized Trials
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with systemic inflammation, endothelial activation, and multi-organ manifestations. Lipid modulating agents may be useful in treating patients with COVID-19. They may inhibit viral entry by lipid raft disruption or ameliorate the inflammatory response and endothelial activation. In addition, dyslipidemia with lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher triglycerides portends worse outcome in patients with COVID-19. Upon a systematic search, 40 RCTs with lipid modulating agents were identified, including 17 statin trials, 14 omega-3 fatty acids RCTs, 3 fibrates RCTs, 5 niacin RCTs, and 1 dalcetrapib RCT for management or prevention of COVID-19. This manuscript summarizes the ongoing or completed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of lipid modulating agents in COVID-19 and the implications of these trials for patient management.